About this site

Banff can't help but be a beautiful place. But there are pockets of ugliness that are hard to ignore. Many of these pockets tell of an historical vision to further the economic viability of this national park. But this vision continues to grow and drive further development, creating a disconnect between what was here and what this park will become. It is the exploration of these pockets that this site is about.

About the photos

All pictures here are analog, using either film or photographic paper as negatives. The process involves getting the film and paper, loading it into the camera, exposing the photos, then developing the roll or sheet in film/paper developer and fixing the print by removing undeveloped chemicals, then drying the negative. This process is challenging because of the various factors that can prevent a good result. A poor exposure will not show up until the film is developed, which itself has to be done carefully, using the correct dilution, temperature, and time. The film has to be handled in complete darkness until development is complete, and then carefully handled to avoid scratches or fingerprints.

Using b&w photographic paper as negatives is especially challenging since the paper is orthochromatic--insensitive to red, particularly sensitive to blue, and somewhat sensitive to green. This makes determining the ISO tricky since that depends on the colour temperature of the light illuminating the scene. Photographic paper also has a very narrow dynamic range since it is meant to be used with film negatives (which share the same dynamic range). This results in photos with higher contrast than film.

Why confine this site to the limitations of analog photography? It's a way of going back in time, slowing down the photographic process, and bringing out aspects of Banff that only analog can produce.

About the cameras

5x7 large format box camera

Made with a cardboard box, a modified lens, and home made film holders, this camera produces styled photos which would be difficult to produce otherwise. Paper negatives force careful composition and exposure, its narrow dynamic range capturing the starkness of the scene.

5x7 sliding box camera with a modified 50mm lens to create a larger image circle

Polaroid model 350 and 450

Instant cameras made 50+ years ago, film has become rare, though the occasional colour photo was taken with Fuji FP-100C film. Modifications to the 450 made it possible to use b&w paper negatives in home made film holders, giving the results an historical look due to its unique format.

Polaroid model 350 from the 1960s, using Fuji FP-100C film Polaroid model 450 from the 1960s, using photographic paper as negatives

Olympus OM-2 and OM-2n

The OM-2 purchased 40+ years ago and recently revived along with a darkroom, various prime lenses were added for different perspectives. The additional OM-2n body joined the team for added film speed flexibility. Film brings back both lost subtleties and uneven grittiness to photography. It will never be perfect, but it can communicate reality in its own way.

Olympus OM-2 from 1977, using Ilford FP4+ film Olympus OM-2n added later to use with high speed film Zuiko prime lenses ranging from 21mm to 200mm

About the author

Jim is a status Indian from the West Coast who spent most of his years working with Indigenous languages in Mexico, assisting field teams with their computers. After moving back to the West Coast and working as a consultant for a decade, he moved near Banff and has grown to appreciate the area. He has dabbled in photography most of his life, starting with a Brownie box camera, then moving up to 35mm, adding darkroom experience in college. As digital photography slowly established itself, he was always a dissatisfied with not only the medium, but the product. Early cameras produced poor quality photos, and recent cameras create pictures that are too perfect. So old camera equipment was resurrected, and new cameras built to use analog medium. In this way, he enters into an historical process which is both satisfying and produces unique results.